Categories
types of cancer

Gynaec Oncology

Overview

Gynaecologic oncology is the field of medicine that focuses on cancers related to the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer and vulvar cancer. It is the fourth most common type of cancer in women, affecting approximately one in every 20 women.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the gynaecological cancers are very vague and women often don’t take the signs seriously and only consult a doctor when it becomes too late. Some of the symptoms that manifest when a woman suffers from either one of the cancers are as follows:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding during, after sexual intercourse or inter-menstrual bleeding
  • White discharge from vagina
  • Enlarged lymph nodes and swelling in the groin
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Persistent abdominal swelling or bloating
  • Swollen legs for no major reason
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite or constantly feeling full
  • Constant fatigue
  • Persistent indigestion or nausea
  • Causes

    Even if a woman faces risk factors that could trigger gynaecological cancers, it doesn’t necessarily mean that she would develop one. A lot of women have at least one risk factor which may never develop into a gynaecological cancer, while others with a gynaecological cancer may not have had any known risk factors. The causes and reasons behind many gynaecological cancers haven’t been fully understood yet, but there are a number of factors that can increase the risk. These include:

  • Increasing age
  • Having a strong family history of gynaecological cancer
  • Identified gene mutations
  • Reproductive history such as child-bearing
  • Exposure to hormones – produced by the body or taken as medication
  • Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) in the womb
  • Viral infections, such as Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Lifestyle factors such as smoking and drinking
  • Diagnosis

    Diagnosis of a gynaecological cancer may involve a number of tests depending on the symptoms. The tests include:

  • A physical examination, with a pelvic examination
  • A Pap smear
  • Blood tests such as a CA125
  • Imaging tests – which may include a transvaginal ultrasound or a CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or PET scans may also be suggested.
  • Taking a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope, a process called biopsy.
  • Treatment

    Treatment for gynaecological cancers depends on which organ it has affected, as well as, the stage and type of the disease, the severity of symptoms and the woman’s general health. Treatment often involves surgery to remove as much of the tumour as possible, and to determine its stage (how far the cancer may have spread). Once the stage of cancer has been determined, one of the following methods are used to fight the cancerous cells:

  • Surgery: In this process, the doctors remove cancer tissue in an operation.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy may cause side effects, but these often get better or go away when treatment is over. Chemotherapy drugs may be given in several forms, including pills or through an IV (intravenous) injection.
  • Radiation: Radiation uses high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to try to kill the cancer cells and stop them from spreading. The rays are aimed at the part of the body where the cancer is.
  • 192 replies on “Gynaec Oncology”

    That is really fascinating, You’re an excessively skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to in the hunt for extra of your magnificent post. Additionally, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

    have already been reading ur blog for a couple of days. really enjoy what you posted. btw i will be doing a report about this topic. do you happen to know any great websites or forums that I can find out more? thanks a lot.

    fantastic post, very informative. I wonder why more of the ther experts in the field do not break it down like this. You should continue your writing. I am confident, you have a great readers’ base already!

    Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

    Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, awesome blog!

    Most often since i look for a blog Document realize that the vast majority of blog pages happen to be amateurish. Not so,We can honestly claim for which you writen is definitely great and then your webpage rock solid.

    It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

    Im impressed. I dont think Ive met anyone who knows as much about this subject as you do. Youre truly well informed and very intelligent. You wrote something that people could understand and made the subject intriguing for everyone. Really, great blog youve got here.

    I’ve been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

    Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe this website requirements a lot much more consideration. I’ll probably be once more to read much much more, thanks for that info.

    Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is wonderful blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

    The post is absolutely great! Lots of great info and inspiration, both of which we all need! Also like to admire the time and effort you put into your blog and detailed information you offer! I will bookmark your website!

    I cannot thank you more than enough for the blogposts on your website. I know you set a lot of time and energy into these and truly hope you know how deeply I appreciate it. I hope I’ll do a similar thing person sooner or later.

    Hello there I am so delighted I found your weblog, I really found you by mistake, while I was searching on Google for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say cheers for a remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

    Both PokerStars and PartyPoker are on Casino.org’s list of recommended online poker sites. Only ever play at a site that is trustworthy and has a solid reputation. Meanwhile, you can garner some valuable feedback from experts, with the event filmed on partypokerTV with all the analysis.  Loyalty System: There is a multi-tiered VIP program with levels starting at Bronze, and moving up through Silver, Gold, Palladium and Palladium Elite. Your level is dictated by how many PartyPoints you earn in a month. Each level offers a level of cash back (5% at Bronze, 40% at Palladium Elite), and different goods become available in the VIP store, which can be purchased for points. You need to be more than 18 years old to play on GGPoker.co.uk. Violation of our Terms of Service may lead to your account being restricted. https://ilikemypc.edunaissance.school/community/profile/vernonm80103490/ No casino will allow a shooter to short throw (not hit the back-wall pyramids) often enough to make a statistically meaningful difference. And even if they did (which they don’t), the pyramids are really just insurance for the casinos. For all the reasons discussed in the article, the dice are sufficiently randomized even without contact with the pyramids. The main bets in a game of Craps will be trying to predict the numbers from a series of dice rolls. If you bet on the right set of numbers, you can win big from the game. However, side bets on the game work in a different manner. In this case, you can find two categories: pass-line bets and don’t-pass line bets. You may want to take sides after looking at the odds in this matter. Of course, you do not have to be obsessed with these side bets. Instead, you can consider them an additional point. For the most part, make sure that you get to enjoy the game of Craps when you are rolling your dice.

    whoah this weblog is wonderful i like reading your articles. Keep up the good paintings! You already know, many people are looking around for this information, you can help them greatly.

    Hello this is kinda of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

    Bring it to light: Speak up with confidence. Report wrongdoing or unethical conduct. Ask questions safely and securely. Share your ideas and suggestions. Remain anonymous. Submit a Report. State-licensed (scan to verify) We believe that finding the right cannabis product shouldn’t be a struggle, which is why our stores utilize digital menus and iPad kiosks. The modern design of our shops allows customers to filter through our vast selection easily and comfortably. Age Restricted Content Our Calgary cannabis dispensaries have established an informative and educational environment for recreational cannabis users. Visit us and discover a team of people that genuinely care. We are a cannabis store located at 2300 Finch Ave W Unit #60, North York, ON M9M 2Y3 “Our singular mission: To provide industry-leading marijuana and marijuana-infused products with a smaller energy footprint.” https://jauczen.pl/index.php/community/profile/felicitasstocks/ Learn about the benefits of medical marijuana for the treatment of illness, pain, and other conditions. The vast majority of doctors don’t have a great understanding of cannabinoids due to a woefully archaic medical schooling system. In fact, most medical schools don’t even offer classes on the endocannabinoid system! This is the system in the body that interacts with THC, CBD, and other phytocannabinoids in cannabis. Crazy, right? While this is changing, the majority of doctors in America can’t truly point people in the right direction when it comes to cannabis as a medicine. Medical cannabis advocacy sites such as Leafwell are on a mission to make access to therapeutic marijuana universal with a streamlined and simple online process. Leafwell’s website guides users through the ins and outs of obtaining medical marijuana cards and physician’s medical cannabis certificates.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published.